encyclopedia Archive

Background

  Often the background fabric will be a solid or a tone-on-tone fabric.  These types of fabrics allow the quilt design to stand out.   Read more

Backing

The backing is the fabric that goes on the back of the quilt – easy! This can be one large piece of fabric or it can be made from several different fabrics. Here Read more

Baltimore Album

  A Baltimore Album quilt is a type of quilt that was originally made in Baltimore in the 1800’s.  These quilts are made up of a number Read more

Bargello Quilts

Bargello quilts mimic a type of needlepoint that uses mathematical patterns to create a design. Often bright colors are used in these geometric designs. In Read more

Baste or Basting

Basting is the process of temporarily sewing or glueing fabric together. This can be done by hand (on the right) or by machine (on the left side of heart) Read more

Basting Needles

  Any size needle can be used for basting but long needles work best.  The longer shaft makes it easy to “load” long stitches on the shaft. Read more

Basting Spray

  The marvels of the 21st century!  Basting spray is now available. Warning: if you use this spray make sure the windows are open and follow Read more

Basting Stitches

  Long running stitches are basting stitches; nothing fancy here.  These stitches should go in fast and they should be able to be removed Read more

Batt or Batting

Batt or batting refer to the quilt's filler between the quilt top and back.  To find out more, watch our video on batting. Read more

Bearding

Bearding occurs when the synthetic batting is working its way through the fabric to the top of the quilt.  No one knows exactly why this happens to certain Read more

Beeswax for Thread

Thread is pulled through beeswax for strength and to allow it to glide easily through the fabric. Read more

Between Needles

Between what?  I never did understand why they are called betweens.  Between needles are what quilters use for quilting the ‘sandwhich’ together.  Read more

Bias

The bias of a piece of fabric is any diagonal across the fabric. The true bias is the diagonal that is at a 45 degree angle to the selvage. Read more

Bias Applique

Bias applique is usually used when making leaf stems or vines.  Any long thin curved appliqueed line can be made from bias strips. The vines in the Read more

Bias Bars

Bias bars are used to make bias applique.  These bars are often made from metal or a heat tolerant plastic. These are plastic bias bars. A metal bias Read more

Binding

  Quilt Binding goes around the outer edge of the quilt. It is a long strip of fabric that is sometimes cut on the bias. Binding can match Read more

Blanket Stitch

  A blanket stitch is often used as a decorative edging around applique. The stitch can be done by hand or by machine. In the photo, the leaves Read more

Blocks

  "Blocks" refer to the squares (or other shapes) in a quilt that make up the overall pattern. There are thousands of blocks that quilters Read more

Bobbins

    A bobbin is a reel-like shape that holds the bottom thread for machine stitching.  Bobbins can be made of metal or plastic.  The Read more

Borders

    There's no set rule about adding borders to quilts.  Borders vary in shape and size.  Some quilts have borders on all four sides. Read more
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